The Coalition of Temporary Sinaloan Migrant Workers is a collective of workers seeking to migrate to the United States as temporary workers under the H2-A and H2-B visa regime. Those using this migration scheme face the constant risk—from the time of their hiring until their return—of violations of their labor rights by recruiters, bosses, employers and authorities.
In 2012, ProDESC began to accompany a group of workers who had been defrauded after they tried to obtain a temporary work visa, and who suffered a violation of their human right to freely chosen and accepted work. As a result of this accompaniment, the workers set up this Coalition in 2013; it is formed by 21 women and 32 men from the towns of Topolobampo, Gabriel Leyva Solano, Los Mochis and the Colorado fishing community in Sinaloa. Their objective is to furnish temporary migrant workers with the necessary knowledge and tools in order to exercise and defend their labor rights in both countries.
This organizational process is one of a kind because it allows temporary migrant workers to defend their rights in the country of origin and not only in the country in which they work. In Mexico it is the only coalition—a legally constituted entity under federal labor legislation for collective organization—formed by temporary migrant workers.
Working with this Coalition, ProDESC has implemented an integral defense strategy that consists of organizational accompaniment and bringing to court test cases for the US and Mexican governments to implement a regulatory mechanism governing the system of temporary work visas involving the participation and responsibility of both countries.
After years of work and pressure by the Coalition, the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare (STPS, for its initials in Spanish) made the first labor inspection in Mexico, leading to an administrative-law penalty for the “Desarrollo Social Sin Fronteras” recruitment agency; the Coalition also participated in the awareness-raising campaign “Te la pintan retebonito” to prevent frauds; and it submitted the case and detailed the situation of the temporary migrant workers before the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.
Violated Human Rights:
- Right to freely chosen and accepted work
- Right to the freedom of association
- Right to collective contracts
- Right to non-discrimination in the workplace