Work Areas

Land, territory and natural resources
  Human labor rights, Corporations
  The State and human rights
  Rights of human rights defenders

What are “ESCR”?

Economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) are recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and in the Mexican Constitution. They are rights created in order to meet people’s basic needs and to offer them a dignified life.

The ESCR were proclaimed as part of the “basic human rights” at the World Conference on Human Rights held in Vienna in 1993; this conference established their “universality, indivisibility, interdependence and interrelation.”

A key aspect of the ESCR are their justiciability, a concept referring to their enforceability in the law courts. The rights recognized by the ICESCR include the rights to work, to join trade unions, to strike, to access healthcare, to education, to social security, to culture. The access, exercise, justiciability and enforceability of economic, social and cultural rights help to build a more just and equitable society.

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ESCR

Right to self-determination (Art. 1)

Right to work and just and favorable conditions of work (Arts. 6, 7, 8)

Right to social security (Art.9)

Right to protection for the family, children and young persons (Art. 10)

Right to an adequate standard of living and continuous improvement of living conditions – food, housing, clothing, etc. (Art. 11)

Right to health (Art. 12)

Right to education (Art.13)

Principles

  • Non-discrimination
  • Equal and effective protection for everyone
  • Freedom

  • Equality
  • Freedom of expression, association, and assembly
  • Non-discrimination
  • Participation
  • Access to justice
  • Protection and due process (legal and administrative)

  • Access
  • Coverage
  • Equality
  • Equity
  • Non-discrimination

  • Equality
  • Non-discrimination
  • Respect for life
  • Access and coverage of health services
  • Effective protection
  • Access to justice

  • Respect for life
  • Non-discrimination
  • Progressivity
  • Non-regression

  • Access
  • Coverage
  • Respect and safeguarding life
  • Non-discrimination

  • Access
  • Coverage
  • Universality
  • Participation
  • Non-discrimination
  • Exercising political citizenship

Aspects

All peoples have the right to freely determine their political status and pursue their economic, social and cultural development.

Right to full employment, just conditions of work, equal pay for equal work, healthy working conditions, equal opportunities, rest and holidays with pay.

Right of everyone to social security, the support required by the elderly, pregnant women and the disabled.

Right to the protection and assistance should be accorded to the family; special protection should accorded to mothers before and after childbirth, and they should also be given paid leave with adequate social security benefits during this period; special measures of protection and assistance should be taken on behalf of all children and young persons to protect them against economic and social exploitation, and child labor should be prohibited and punishable by law.

Right of everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family (food, clothing and housing) and the continuous improvement of living conditions; to be free from hunger.

This also involves adopting measures and programs to improve methods of production, conservation and fair distribution of food, disseminating knowledge of the principles of nutrition and the most efficient utilization of natural resources.

Right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health with steps to be taken to ensure the full realization of this right and minimum health conditions: life-expectancy, reduction of the stillbirth-rate and the healthy development of the child, the improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene; the prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, endemic occupational and other diseases; the creation of conditions to ensure everyone has access to medical service and medical attention in case of sickness.

The right of everyone to education, the full development of the human personality and dignity, as well as strengthening respect for human rights.

Primary education shall be available free to all, secondary education in its different forms must be generally available and accessible, higher education must be equally accessible to all and progressively free.

About Us

We are a non-governmental organization, founded in 2005. Our objective is to defend and promote economic, social and cultural rights. We accompany agrarian and indigenous communities in the defense of their land, territory and natural resources, as well as worker collectives in the defense of their labor rights.

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